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American Jewish Congress

“A Very Ticklish Problem”: The AJC Response to the Rosenberg Trial & Execution

Convicted of passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed 70 years ago on June 19, 1953, the first and only American civilians to face the death penalty for espionage. At the time, many believed the Rosenbergs to be innocent victims of antisemitism and Cold War hysteria, or at the very least that they had received an overly harsh…

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In Honor of Martin Luther King, Jr. Dayby David P. Rosenberg, M.P.A., Reference Services Research Coordinator, Center for Jewish History Jews have had a long history of supporting the civil rights movement. From heavily Jewish leadership during the establishment of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909, to Jews participating in the March on Washington in 1963, to efforts of…

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Reflecting on the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom—50 years ago todayby David P. Rosenberg, M.P.A., Reference Services Research Coordinator, Center for Jewish History Rabbi Uri Miller, president of the Synagogue Council of America, recited a prayer during the March on Washington in 1963. It included: Thou [G-d] hast endowed all men equally with the rights to live, to liberty and to the…

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Jewish Labor Committee: Part 1

by Ilana Rossoff, Reference Services Research Intern, Center for Jewish History This post is part of the Jews and Social Justice Series. To view all posts in the series, click here. The Jewish Labor Committee is the longest existing prominent pro-civil rights Jewish labor organization. It was founded in 1934 as a union between the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA), the International Ladies Garment Workers…

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Out of the ArchivesForesightSubmitted by Kevin Schlottmann, Levy Processing Archivist, Center for Jewish History From the Leo Baeck Institute’s Helen Ollendorff Curth Collection ([AR 25004]). Excerpt from the above June 1933 letter: “I doubt whether I can really give you authentic information on the German-Jewish doctor question. I happen to know, because I have a married sister in Cork, that the Irish Free State…

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Ed Koch, Bess Myerson, and Henry Kissinger at Stephen S. Wise Award Dinner, 1977. c/o American Jewish Historical Society (American Jewish Congress Collection). For more, visit the Center for Jewish History’s Flickr photostream.Click here to connect with the Center for Jewish History on Facebook.

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Justine Wise Polier and Eleanor Roosevelt conversing with Women’s Division members at Annual Hanukkah Luncheon. 1955. American Jewish Historical Society. For more, visit the Center for Jewish History’s Flickr photostream.Click here to connect with the Center for Jewish History on Facebook.

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American Jewish Congress member holds sign at Montgomery March, 1965. Photograph, American Jewish Historical Society, 1965. Anna Khomina, Research and Special Projects Intern, Center for Jewish History In 1918, the American Jewish Congress was established by several prominent Jewish leaders, including rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Hadassah founder Henrietta Szold, and U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, in order to ease and prevent Jewish suffering…

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